Genotype distribution and allele frequencies of the genes associated with body composition and locomotion traits in Myanmar native horses

Yu Okuda, Hla Hla Moe, Kyaw Kyaw Moe, Yuki Shimizu, Kenji Nishioka, Takeshi Shimogiri, Hideyuki Mannen, Misao Kanemaki, Tetsuo Kunieda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myanmar native horses are small horses used mainly for drafting carts or carriages in rural areas and packing loads in mountainy areas. In the present study, we investigated genotype distributions and allele frequencies of the LCORL/NCAPG, MSTN and DMRT3 genes, which are associated with body composition and locomotion traits of horses, in seven local populations of Myanmar native horses. The genotyping result of LCORL/NCAPG showed that allele frequencies of C allele associated with higher withers height ranged from 0.08 to 0.27, and 0.13 in average. For MSTN, allele frequencies of C allele associated with higher proportion of Type 2B muscular fiber ranged from 0.05 to 0.23, and 0.09 in average. For DMRT3, allele frequencies of A allele associated with ambling gait ranged from 0 to 0.04, and 0.01 in average. The presences of the minor alleles of these genes at low frequencies suggest a possibility that these horse populations have not been under strong selection pressure for particular locomotion traits and body composition. Our findings of the presence of these minor alleles in Southeast Asian native horses are also informative for considering the origins of these minor alleles associated with body composition and locomotion traits in horse populations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnimal Science Journal
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Keywords

  • allele frequency
  • DMRT3
  • LCORL/NCAPG
  • MSTN
  • Myanmar native horses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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