Genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships in East and South Asian melons, Cucumis melo L., based on the analysis of five isozymes

Yukari Akashi, Naomi Fukuda, Tadayuki Wako, Masaharu Masuda, Kenji Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genetic structure and phylogenetic relationships in East and South Asian melons were analyzed, based on the geographical variation of five isozymes. The analysis of Indian melon accessions showed a continuous variation in seed length, ranging from 4 to 13 mm. Most of the East Asian melons, vars. makuwa and conomon, were classified as the small seed type with seed length shorter than 9 mm. The frequency of the small seed type increased from the west to the east in India. Allelic variation was detected at a total of nine loci of five isozymes among 114 melon accessions. Gene diversity calculated for the nine loci indicated that Indian melon was rich in genetic variation, which decreased from India towards the east. Clear geographical variation was detected in two enzymes, APS and 6-PGDH. Pgd-11 and Ap-31 were frequent in India and Myanmar, while most of the melons in Laos, China, Korea and Japan carried Pgd-13 and Ap-33, except var. inodorus in China. Among the latter two alleles, the frequency of Ap-33 was more than 50% in the small seed type in north and east India, indicating that vars. makuwa and conomon were related to the small seed type in these areas. It was also suggested that the small seed type with wet tolerance originated in central India and was selected under wet condition in the east.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-396
Number of pages12
JournalEuphytica
Volume125
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 12 2002

Keywords

  • Cucumis melo
  • Genetic variation
  • Isozymes
  • Phylogenetic relationships
  • Var. conomon
  • Var. makuwa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture

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