Genetic trade-off between early fecundity and longevity in Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae)

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Abstract

The response to selection on age at reproduction was measured to test for a genetic trade-off between early fecundity and longevity in the melon fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett). Three replicate lines were selected for propagation by breeding from young (Y-lines) and old (O-lines) adults, respectively. Selection was continued for 24 and 9 generations for Y- and O- lines, respectively. Females from O-lines lived longer than Y-line females as an indirect response to selection, indicating that longevity is a trait under genetic control. Females from Y-lines had higher fecundity early in the lifespan, a shorter preoviposition period, and a shorter prepeak fecundity period than females from O-lines. However, total fecundity did not differ between lines from the two selection regimes. These results suggest the existence of a genetic trade-off between early fecundity and longevity in the population examined, which may be controlled by pleiotropy. The larval period of the O-lines was longer than that of the Y-lines, whereas there were no significant effects of selection regime on egg hatchability or preadult survival rate. The trade-off relationship between early fecundity and longevity is discussed in relation to mass production of the melon fly for the sterile insect technique programme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalHeredity
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bactrocera cucurbitae
  • fecundity
  • longevity
  • pleiotropy
  • selection
  • trade- off

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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