Genetic polymorphism of CYP2A6 gene and tobacco-induced lung cancer risk in male smokers

Noritaka Ariyoshi, Masami Miyamoto, Yuri Umetsu, Hideo Kunitoh, Hirotoshi Dosaka-Akita, Yu ichi Sawamura, Jun Yokota, Nobuo Nemoto, Kunio Sato, Tetsuya Kamataki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) is the principal enzyme involved in the metabolic activation of tobacco-specific nitrosamines to their ultimate carcinogenic forms and metabolism of nicotine. We investigated the effects of the CYP2A6*4, an entire CYP2A6 gene deletion-type polymorphism, on lung cancer risk and daily cigarette consumption in Japanese male smokers via a hospital-based case control study. The frequency of the CYP2A6*4 variant was compared in 370 lung cancer patients and 380 control smokers. A markedly reduced adjusted odds ratio for lung cancer risk, 0.23 [95% confidence interval, 0.08-0.67], was seen in the group with homozygous deletion (*4/*4) when the odds ratio for a group with homozygous wild (*1A/*1A) was defined to be 1.00 by logistic regression. The subjects with lung cancer were additionally divided into three groups according to the histological classification of the cancer and examined for an association with the CYP2A6 polymorphism. The *4/*4 genotype was not found in patients with squamous cell carcinoma (0 of 105) or small cell carcinoma (0 of 44), indicating that subjects with the *4/*4 genotype have low risk for lung cancers, particularly those caused by tobacco smoke. Furthermore, a significant reduction of daily cigarette consumption was observed in smokers with the *4/*4 genotype, suggesting a possibility that complete lack of CYP2A6 appeared to affect the smoking behavior. These data suggest that male smokers possessing the *1A/*1A genotype have higher risk for tobacco-induced lung cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)890-894
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume11
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

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