Genetic factors determining varietal differences in characters affecting yield between two rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties, Koshihikari and IR64

Kazuhiro Ujiie, Toshio Yamamoto, Masahiro Yano, Ken Ishimaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The yield of Koshihikari, a Japanese premium rice variety, is relatively lower than that of modern high yielding varieties. IR64 carries several well-known genes such as GS3, an important gene for grain size, sd-1, a semi-dwarf gene, and NARROW LEAF1 (NAL1), a gene for small, narrow flag leaves. In this study, we used two sets of chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs), from Koshihikari and IR64, and attempted to evaluate the genetic factors that cause differences between parents by analyzing the function of chromosome regions affecting a trait (CRATs). For 28 traits, we identified 312 CRATs in the Koshihikari background and 275 in the IR64 background. In these, donor alleles had positive effects in 84 and 103 CRATs, respectively. Among these, the CRAT related to GS3 and those for grain number expanded the potential sink size in Koshihikari, although this did not affect final yield. The combination of CRATs that enhances source ability may increase grain yield. Although the sd-1 gene might improve resistance to lodging, the yield of CSSLs with sd-1 decreased by 28.7 %. These results suggest that the smaller biomass conferred by sd-1 might reduce canopy photosynthesis. In the Koshihikari background, the CRAT related to NAL1 and those located on chr. 6 increased SPAD value but had the opposite effect on leaf size. Two CRATs that were detected on chr. 6 and 7 increased leaf area without any effect on the SPAD value. The combination of these CRATs for area and SPAD value might improve source ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-123
Number of pages27
JournalGenetic Resources and Crop Evolution
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

chromosome
Oryza sativa
rice
Chromosomes
chromosomes
gene
substitution lines
Genes
genes
substitution
Oryza
high yielding variety
high-yielding varieties
lodging
Photosynthesis
Biomass
leaf area
leaves
allele
photosynthesis

Keywords

  • CSSLs
  • Oryza sativa
  • QTL analysis
  • Rice
  • Sink size
  • Source ability
  • Varietal difference
  • Yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Genetic factors determining varietal differences in characters affecting yield between two rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties, Koshihikari and IR64. / Ujiie, Kazuhiro; Yamamoto, Toshio; Yano, Masahiro; Ishimaru, Ken.

In: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. 63, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 97-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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