Genetic architecture of variation in heading date among Asian rice accessions

Kiyosumi Hori, Yasunori Nonoue, Nozomi Ono, Taeko Shibaya, Kaworu Ebana, Kazuki Matsubara, Eri Ogiso-Tanaka, Takanari Tanabata, Kazuhiko Sugimoto, Fumio Taguchi-Shiobara, Jun ichi Yonemaru, Ritsuko Mizobuchi, Yusaku Uga, Atsunori Fukuda, Tadamasa Ueda, Shin ichi Yamamoto, Utako Yamanouchi, Toshiyuki Takai, Takashi Ikka, Katsuhiko KondoTomoki Hoshino, Eiji Yamamoto, Shunsuke Adachi, Hideki Nagasaki, Ayahiko Shomura, Takehiko Shimizu, Izumi Kono, Sachie Ito, Tatsumi Mizubayashi, Noriyuki Kitazawa, Kazufumi Nagata, Tsuyu Ando, Shuichi Fukuoka, Toshio Yamamoto, Masahiro Yano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Heading date, a crucial factor determining regional and seasonal adaptation in rice (Oryza sativa L.), has been a major selection target in breeding programs. Although considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the molecular regulation of heading date in rice during last two decades, the previously isolated genes and identified quantitative trait loci (QTLs) cannot fully explain the natural variation for heading date in diverse rice accessions. Results: To genetically dissect naturally occurring variation in rice heading date, we collected QTLs in advanced-backcross populations derived from multiple crosses of the japonica rice accession Koshihikari (as a common parental line) with 11 diverse rice accessions (5 indica, 3 aus, and 3 japonica) that originate from various regions of Asia. QTL analyses of over 14,000 backcrossed individuals revealed 255 QTLs distributed widely across the rice genome. Among the detected QTLs, 128 QTLs corresponded to genomic positions of heading date genes identified by previous studies, such as Hd1, Hd6, Hd3a, Ghd7, DTH8, and RFT1. The other 127 QTLs were detected in different chromosomal regions than heading date genes. Conclusions: Our results indicate that advanced-backcross progeny allowed us to detect and confirm QTLs with relatively small additive effects, and the natural variation in rice heading date could result from combinations of large- and small-effect QTLs. We also found differences in the genetic architecture of heading date (flowering time) among maize, Arabidopsis, and rice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115
JournalBMC Plant Biology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 8 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Genetic architecture
  • Heading date
  • Natural variation
  • Oryza sativa L
  • QTL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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  • Cite this

    Hori, K., Nonoue, Y., Ono, N., Shibaya, T., Ebana, K., Matsubara, K., Ogiso-Tanaka, E., Tanabata, T., Sugimoto, K., Taguchi-Shiobara, F., Yonemaru, J. I., Mizobuchi, R., Uga, Y., Fukuda, A., Ueda, T., Yamamoto, S. I., Yamanouchi, U., Takai, T., Ikka, T., ... Yano, M. (2015). Genetic architecture of variation in heading date among Asian rice accessions. BMC Plant Biology, 15(1), [115]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-015-0501-x