Gastrodia elata blume and an active component, p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol reduce focal ischemic brain injury through antioxidant related gene expressions

Seong Jin Yu, Ju Ran Kim, Chae Kwan Lee, Jeong Eun Han, Jae Hyun Lee, Hye Sook Kim, Jeong Hwa Hong, Sung Goo Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ischaemic stroke is a leading cause of death and long-lasting disability. Gastrodia elata blume (GEB) is a Chinese herb that is widely used to treat convulsive disorders, such as epilepsy, and p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (HBA) is the active ingredient in GEB. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of GEB and HBA on the brain damage and transcriptional levels of Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) and 1-Cys peroxiredoxin (1-Cys Prx) genes known to play a role in antioxidant systems after transient focal ischemia in the rat brain. Focal ischemia was induced in rats by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). All animals underwent ischemia for 1 h, followed by 24 h of reperfusion. Coronal brain slices were stained with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride or total RNA was extracted for the analysis of gene expression. Histopathologic analysis revealed a significant (p<0.05) decrease in infarct size in the ipsilateral brain with GEB extracts or HBA. Moreover, the levels of PDI and 1-Cys Prx transcription were significantly increased in the GEB extract-or HBA-treated group compared with the untreated group (p<0.05). This study therefore indicated that GEB and HBA provide neuroprotection by preventing brain damage through the increased expression of genes encoding antioxidant proteins after transient focal cerebral ischemia and may be effective as neuroprotective agents at the cellular and molecular levels in the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1016-1020
Number of pages5
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2005

Keywords

  • 1-Cys peroxiredoxin
  • Gastrodia elata blume
  • Ischemia
  • Protein disulfide isomerase
  • p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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