H. pylori infection induces various humoral and cellular immunities in gastric mucosa. Some reports indicate predominant CD4+ cells infiltrate in H. pylori infected gastric mucosa, and these cells express the T helper 1 phenotype. Local humoral immunity is also induced. Gastric plasma cells produce anti-H. pylori antibodies, however, their protective immunity is not enough to eradicate bacteria in human. We found heat shock protein 60 kDa (hsp60) may be closely associated with pathogenesis in MALT lymphoma. IgG1 antibodies to hsp60 were significantly correlated with the antibodies to H. pylori whole cell in patients with MALT lymphoma. CD40-CD40L dependent B cell proliferation was induced by cytokine and/or hsp60 stimulations in those patients. Cytotoxicity of gastric epithelial cells which is associated with host immunity induced by H. pylori infection is still unclear. We found that lymphocytes from patients with peptic ulcer showed cytotoxicity to gastric cell line HGC-27 in vitro. Cytotoxicity was enhanced by cytokine stimulus to T-lymphocytes and by heat stress and/or patients' antibodies treatment of HGC-27 cells. The pathogenicity of H. pylori may involve not only bacterial virulence factor but also host immunity. Studies of mucosal local immunity will help explain the mechanisms of H. pylori induced gastrodoudenal diseases.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|