Gas reforming and tar decomposition performance of nickel oxide (NiO)/SBA-15 catalyst in gasification of woody biomass

Naoko Inoue, Toshiya Tada, Katsuya Kawamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In the gasification of biomass, it is necessary to limit the amount of by-product tar and increase the yields of hydrogen (H 2 ) and carbon monoxide (CO) (syngas). Therefore, we conducted gasification and reforming experiments on woody biomass using an electric tubular furnace, to evaluate the gas reforming and tar decomposition performance of a NiO/SBA-15 catalyst. As a result, we found that this catalyst is effective for H 2 production. It is believed that the increase in H 2 volume due to the catalyst occurs through a steam reforming reaction involving hydrocarbons, including methane (CH 4 ), and the water-gas shift reaction. With respect to the influence of the gasifying agent on the reforming effect of the catalyst, the amount of generated carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and hydrogen (H 2 ) increases because the shift reaction is promoted by supplying steam. On the other hand, it was inferred that the shift reaction rarely occurred because it approaches equilibrium by supplying O 2 . Furthermore, it is suggested that light aromatic hydrocarbons are decomposed by the catalyst. Implications: The mesoporous silica catalyst NiO/SBA-15 was highly effective for H 2 production and decomposition of light aromatic compounds in the gasification of woody biomass. In the catalyst reaction, supplying steam promoted H 2 production. From thermodynamic analysis and discussion, it was also inferred that supplying O 2 might prevent the water gas shift reaction. The results are useful for designing a process needed for rich H 2 production and gas refining process for further use of syngas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-512
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 3 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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