Fluorans are popular leuco dyes that are used in various applications, such as carbonless-copy papers and thermal papers. Here, we describe unique leuco dyes in which two fluoran units are fused into a C2h structure (iso-aminobenzopyranoxanthenes; iso-ABPXs). iso-ABPXs exhibited a large two-step color change (colorless/pink and pink/blue-green) due to opening-closing of two spirolactone rings. The two-step equilibrium among the colorless, pink, and blue-green forms could be well controlled by adjusting acid concentration, solvent, and/or temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry