It has previously been reported that norspermidine, one of the unusual polyamines, is present in Vibrio species. To expand this observation, the cellular polyamine compositions of additional species and strains in the family Vibrionaceae (Vibrio, Photobacterium, Listonella, and Shewanella) as well as Aeromonas species and Plesiomonas shigelloides, which have been proposed to be excluded from Vibrionaceae, were determined by using gas-liquid chromatography. Some Vibrio species previously reported were reexamined under the same conditions, and their results are included in this report. Norspermidine was detected as a major triamine in 23 of 24 Vibrio species, all of 4 Listonella species, and 3 of 5 Photobacterium species. Vibrio costicola, Photobacterium fischeri, and Photobacterium phosphoreum contained no norspermidine. Listonella species were indistinguishable from Vibrio species in their polyamine profiles. However, Shewanella putrefaciens ATCC 8071, formerly allocated in the genus Alteromonas, contained no norspermidine, and its polyamine profile was similar to those of four Aeromonas species, in which putrescine was exclusively found. Plesiomonas shigelloides was very similar to Escherichia coli in that putrescine and spermidine were predominant polyamines. Our data indicate that the occurrence of norspermidine may be very helpful as a generic marker in identification and classification of Vibrio and Listonella species. A gas-liquid chromatographic method with a nitrogen-selective detector was presented for rapid and sensitive detection of cellular norspermidine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology