Fundamental study on the effect of an orientation of clay particles on diffusion pathway in compacted bentonite

Haruo Sato, Satoru Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To evaluate the effects of smectite content and the compacted direction of bentonite on the orientation properties of clay particles and diffusive pathway in compacted bentonite, scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations for micropore structure in compacted bentonite and through-diffusion experiments for non-sorptive tritiated water (HTO) were conducted. The SEM observations and diffusion experiments were performed for axial and perpendicular directions to the compacted direction of bentonite as a function of bentonite's dry density. Two types of Na-bentonites, Kunigel-V1® and Kunipia-F® with different smectite contents were used for both experiments. No orientation of clay particles was found for Kunigel-V1® with 50 wt.% smectite content, while layers of clay particles orientated in the perpendicular direction to compacted direction were observed for Kunipia-F® with approximately 100 wt.% smectite content. This trend is in good agreement with those for HTO's effective diffusivities. This indicates that smectite content in bentonite affects the orientation properties of clay particles and diffusive pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume23
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bentonite
bentonite
smectite
clay
Electron microscopes
Scanning
electron
experiment
dry density
Experiments
diffusivity
effect
particle
Direction compound
Smectite
Water

Keywords

  • Anisotropy
  • Bentonite
  • Buffer material
  • Diffusion
  • Dry density
  • Geological disposal
  • High-level radioactive waste
  • Tritiated water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geology

Cite this

Fundamental study on the effect of an orientation of clay particles on diffusion pathway in compacted bentonite. / Sato, Haruo; Suzuki, Satoru.

In: Applied Clay Science, Vol. 23, No. 1-4, 08.2003, p. 51-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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