Functional outcomes and reevaluation of esophageal speech after free jejunal transfer in two hundred thirty-six cases

Tsuneo Yasumura, Minoru Sakuraba, Yoshihiro Kimata, Takashi Nakatsuka, Ryuichi Hayashi, Satoshi Ebihara, Yuiro Hata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Swallowing and communication are occasionally impaired after free jejunal transfer. Here, the relationship between surgical procedure and functional outcome was analyzed in 236 patients undergoing free jejunal transfer after total laryngopharyngectomy from 1992 through 2003. Swallowing and communication functions were also investigated with a questionnaire in 40 long-surviving patients. Although oral feeding could be resumed after surgery in most patients, anastomotic stricture and nasal regurgitation occurred in 12.7% and 29.7% of patients, respectively. Use of our standardized procedure, the tensed jejunal method, significantly reduced the incidence of stricture (P < 0.01) but increased the rate of nasal regurgitation; however, in most cases regurgitation gradually resolved. Of the 40 long-surviving patients, 17 attended a speech rehabilitation program at which 12 learned to perform esophageal speech without voice restoration procedures (11 of the 12 had received a tensed jejunal graft). Our standardized procedure helps prevent strictures and encourages esophageal speech.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-58
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Esophageal speech
  • Free jejunal transfer
  • Stricture
  • Swallowing function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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