Functional forms of carbon and chlorine in dust samples formed in the sintering process of iron ores

Naoto Tsubouchi, Eiki Kasai, Katsuya Kawamoto, Hidetoshi Noda, Yoshihiro Nakazato, Yasuo Ohtsuka

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14 Citations (Scopus)


The chemical forms of the carbon and chlorine present in dust samples obtained from windboxes of the iron ore sintering machine have been studied with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The chlorine in the dust samples is present as KCl with the average crystalline size of 40-50 nm and covalent C-Cl bonds in condensed aromatic structures of unburned carbon surface. The proportion of chlorinated aromatic structures increases almost linearly with increasing that of surface oxygen complexes on unburned carbon, strongly suggesting that active surface sites of the carbon formed in the sintering process work as reaction sites with HCl and Cl 2. Model experiments using a coke show that HCl reacts with it at 500°C to form several types of Cl-functional forms, from which the HCl desorption takes place at the wide range of 500-900°C upon reheating. Such a profile for HCl formation is almost unchanged after washing of the HCl-treated coke by water. These observations indicate the formation of organic chlorides. It is therefore likely that HCl and Cl2 evolved in the combustion process react with active sites of unburned carbon surface to form organic chlorine compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-756
Number of pages6
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbon forms
  • Chlorine forms
  • Coke
  • Dust
  • Iron ore sintering
  • Organic chlorine compounds
  • Unburned carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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