Functional characterization of a trafficking-defective HCN4 mutation, D553N, associated with cardiac arrhythmia

Kazuo Ueda, Kazufumi Nakamura, Takeharu Hayashi, Natsuko Inagaki, Megumi Takahashi, Takuro Arimura, Hiroshi Morita, Yasushi Higashiuesato, Yuji Hirano, Michio Yasunami, Shuichi Takishita, Akira Yamashina, Tohru Ohe, Makoto Sunamori, Masayasu Hiraoka, Akinori Kimura

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Abstract

Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel 4 gene HCN4 is a pacemaker channel that plays a key role in automaticity of sinus node in the heart, and an HCN4 mutation was reported in a patient with sinus node dysfunction. Expression of HCN4 in the heart is, however, not confined to the sinus node cells but is found in other tissues, including cells of the conduction system. On the other hand, mutations in another cardiac ion channel gene, SCN5A, also cause sinus node dysfunction as well as other cardiac arrhythmias, including long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, and progressive cardiac conduction disturbance. These observations imply that HCN4 abnormalities may be involved in the pathogenesis of various arrhythmias, similar to the SCN5A mutations. In this study, we analyzed patients suffering from sinus node dysfunction, progressive cardiac conduction disease, and idiopathic ventricular fibrillation for mutations in HCN4. A missense mutation, D553N, was found in a patient with sinus node dysfunction who showed recurrent syncope, QT prolongation in electrocardiogram, and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, torsade de pointes. In vitro functional study of the D553N mutation showed a reduced membranous expression associated with decreased If currents because of a trafficking defect of the HCN4 channel in a dominant-negative manner. These data suggest that the loss of function of HCN4 is associated with sinus nodal dysfunction and that a consequence of pacemaker channel abnormality might underlie clinical features of QT prolongation and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia developed under certain conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27194-27198
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 25 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Ueda, K., Nakamura, K., Hayashi, T., Inagaki, N., Takahashi, M., Arimura, T., Morita, H., Higashiuesato, Y., Hirano, Y., Yasunami, M., Takishita, S., Yamashina, A., Ohe, T., Sunamori, M., Hiraoka, M., & Kimura, A. (2004). Functional characterization of a trafficking-defective HCN4 mutation, D553N, associated with cardiac arrhythmia. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279(26), 27194-27198. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M311953200