Functional characterization and tissue localization of the facilitative glucose transporter GLUT12

Shunsuke Matsuo, Miki Hiasa, Hiroshi Omote

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Facilitative glucose transporters (GLUTs) play crucial roles in glucose utilization and homeostasis. GLUT12 was initially isolated as a novel GLUT4-like transporter involved in insulin-dependent glucose transport. However, tissue distribution and biochemical properties of GLUT12 are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the basic kinetic properties and tissue distribution of GLUT12. Human GLUT12 and GLUT1 were overexpressed and purified using Ni-NTA column chromatography. Reconstituted proteoliposomes showed time-dependent D-glucose transport activity, which was inhibited by phloretin and dehydroascorbate. Dose dependence of glucose transport revealed a KM and Vmax values of 6.4 mM and 1.2 lmol/mg/min, respectively, indicating that GLUT12 is a high-affinity type GLUT. Glucose transport by GLUT12 was inhibited by ATP and glucose-1-phosphate, glucose-6-phosphate and disaccharides (properties similar to those of GLUT1). Indirect immunohistochemistry revealed the distribution of mouse GLUT12 in the apical region of distal tubules and collecting ducts in the kidney and epithelial cells of the jejunum. In addition to these cells, GLUT12 was present in chromaffin cells in the adrenal medulla, the anterior pituitary lobe, as well as the thyroid and pyloric glands. These tissue distributions suggest a unique function of GLUT12, besides that of an insulin-dependent glucose transport.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-620
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Volume168
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • Glucose transporter
  • GLUT
  • GLUT12
  • Kinetics
  • Tissue distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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