Functional analysis of SERCA1b, a highly expressed SERCA1 variant in myotonic dystrophy type 1 muscle

Yimeng Zhao, Haruo Ogawa, Shin Ichiro Yonekura, Hiroaki Mitsuhashi, Satomi Mitsuhashi, Ichizo Nishino, Chikashi Toyoshima, Shoichi Ishiura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a genetic disorder in which multiple genes are aberrantly spliced. Sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 1 (SERCA1) is one of these genes, and it encodes a P-type ATPase. SERCA1 transports Ca2+ from the cytosol to the lumen, and is involved in muscular relaxation. It has two splice variants (SERCA1a and SERCA1b) that differ in the last eight amino acids, and the contribution of these variants to DM1 pathology is unclear. Here, we show that SERCA1b protein is highly expressed in DM1 muscle tissue, mainly localised at fast twitch fibres. Additionally, when SERCA1a and SERCA1b were overexpressed in cells, we found that the ATPase and Ca2+ uptake activity of SERCA1a was almost double that of SERCA1b. Although the affinity for both ATP and Ca2+ was similar between the two variants, SERCA1b was more sensitive to the inner microsomal environment. Thus, we hypothesise that aberrant expression of SERCA1b in DM1 patients is the cause of abnormal intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2042-2047
Number of pages6
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Volume1852
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alternative splicing
  • Myotonic dystrophy
  • P-type ATPase
  • SERCA1a
  • SERCA1b

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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  • Cite this

    Zhao, Y., Ogawa, H., Yonekura, S. I., Mitsuhashi, H., Mitsuhashi, S., Nishino, I., Toyoshima, C., & Ishiura, S. (2015). Functional analysis of SERCA1b, a highly expressed SERCA1 variant in myotonic dystrophy type 1 muscle. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1852(10), 2042-2047. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2015.07.006