α-Glucosidase hydrolyzes α-glucosides and transfers α-glucosyl residues to an acceptor through transglucosylation. In this study, GH13_31 α-glucosidase BspAG13_31A with high transglucosylation activity is reported in Bacillus sp. AHU2216 and biochemically and structurally characterized. This enzyme is specific to α-(1→4)-glucosidic linkage as substrates and transglucosylation products. Maltose is the most preferred substrate. Crystal structures of BspAG13_31A wild-type for the substrate-free form and inactive acid/base mutant E256Q in complexes with maltooligosaccharides were solved at 1.6–2.5 Å resolution. BspAG13_31A has a catalytic domain folded by an (β/α)8-barrel. In subsite +1, Ala200 and His203 on β→α loop 4 and Asn258 on β→α loop 5 are involved in the recognition of maltooligosaccharides. Structural basis for specificity of GH13_31 enzymes to α-(1→4)-glucosidic linkage is first described.
- glycoside hydrolase family 13
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology