This study determined the local equivalence ratio of a CH4/air mixture in a laminar premixed flame using spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy (SIBS) with a fiber-coupled intensified charge coupled device (ICCD) spectrometer. Spectrally resolved emission spectra of plasma generated by a spark plug were investigated for their potential to measure local fuel concentrations in a premixed mixture. The influence of key parameters, such as the camera gate timing and spark energy, on the intensity of radical emission was illustrated. The intensity ratio of CN/NH had a greater sensitivity to the equivalence ratio than did that of CN/OH, and the local equivalence ratio could be obtained with high resolution by measuring the local intensity ratios of CN/NH. Moreover, a spark-plug sensor with an optical fiber was developed for application in spark-ignition engines. The atomic emission intensity during the breakdown and arc phases of spark discharge could be obtained using the fiber-optic spark-plug sensor. The Hα/O intensity showed better linearity than the CN/NH intensity ratio in lean mixtures. The results presented here confirm the use of SIBS as a diagnostic tool for spark-ignition engines.
- Equivalence ratio measurement premixed mixture
- Mole fraction measurement
- Spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy (SIBS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics