Four-year clinical outcomes of the OLIVUS-Ex (impact of Olmesartan on progression of coronary atherosclerosis: Evaluation by intravascular ultrasound) extension trial

Atsushi Hirohata, Keizo Yamamoto, Toru Miyoshi, Kunihiko Hatanaka, Satoshi Hirohata, Hitoshi Yamawaki, Issei Komatsubara, Eiki Hirose, Yuhei Kobayashi, Keisuke Ohkawa, Minako Ohara, Hiroya Takafuji, Fumihiko Sano, Yuko Toyama, Shozo Kusachi, Tohru Ohe, Hiroshi Ito

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The previous OLIVUS trial reported a positive role in achieving a lower rate of coronary atheroma progression through the administration of Olmesartan, an angiotension-II receptor blocking agent (ARB), for stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients requiring percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the benefits between ARB administration on long-term clinical outcomes and serial atheroma changes by IVUS remain unclear. Thus, we examined the 4-year clinical outcomes from OLIVUS according to treatment strategy with Olmesartan. Methods: Serial volumetric IVUS examinations (baseline and 14 months) were performed in 247 patients with hypertension and SAP. When these patients underwent PCI for culprit lesions, IVUS was performed in their non-culprit vessels. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 20-40. mg of Olmesartan or control, and treated with a combination of β-blockers, calcium channel blockers, glycemic control agents and/or statins per physician's guidance. Four-year clinical outcomes and annual progression rate of atherosclerosis, assessed by serial IVUS, were compared with major adverse cardio- and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). Results: Cumulative event-free survival was significantly higher in the Olmesartan group than in the control group (p= 0.04; log-rank test). By adjusting for validated prognosticators, Olmesartan administration was identified as a good predictor of MACCE (p= 0.041). On the other hand, patients with adverse events (n= 31) had larger annual atheroma progression than the rest of the population (23.8% vs. 2.1%, p< 0.001). Conclusions: Olmesartan therapy appears to confer improved long-term clinical outcomes. Atheroma volume changes, assessed by IVUS, seem to be a reliable surrogate for future major adverse cardio- and cerebrovascular events in this study cohort.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-138
Number of pages5
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume220
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Angiotensin
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Prevention
  • Ultrasonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Hirohata, A., Yamamoto, K., Miyoshi, T., Hatanaka, K., Hirohata, S., Yamawaki, H., Komatsubara, I., Hirose, E., Kobayashi, Y., Ohkawa, K., Ohara, M., Takafuji, H., Sano, F., Toyama, Y., Kusachi, S., Ohe, T., & Ito, H. (2012). Four-year clinical outcomes of the OLIVUS-Ex (impact of Olmesartan on progression of coronary atherosclerosis: Evaluation by intravascular ultrasound) extension trial. Atherosclerosis, 220(1), 134-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.10.013