The microphase separation of lipid molecules on a vesicle membrane can be induced, depending on the difference in the geometric structures of their headgroups. Through cryo-transmission-electron-microscopy analysis, a lens-like vesicle was prepared by mixing 50 wt% Span 40 (sorbitan monopalmitate) and 50 wt% Tween 40 [polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate]. Considering the molecular structures of Span 40 and Tween 40, the high-curvature region was mainly formed by Tween 40. As determined by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, dielectric-dispersion analysis, and differential scanning calorimetry, a hydration layer was likely formed because polyoxyethylene conjugates with the headgroups of Tween 40. These investigations of the obtained self-assembled aggregates of nonionic surfactants with heterogeneous surfaces could contribute to the development of new types of biomaterials.
- Nonionic-surfactant vesicle
- Phase separation
- Self-assembled aggregate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry