Formation of gratings and two-dimensional photonic structures by laser-induced nano-crystallization

Takumi Fujiwara, Ryoh Ogawa, Yasuhiko Benino, Takayuki Komatsu, Junji Nishii

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose and demonstrate gratings and two-dimensional (2D) photonic structure of nanometer-scale crystals/particles in glass surface created by one of the most simple way ever reported. Grating structures consisting of nanocrystals have been fabricated on surface of tellurite-based glasses, with a composition of 15K2O-15Nb2O5-70TeO2 (mol%), using photoinduced nano-crystallization. A conventional phase mask technique was performed for the grating fabrication with a XeCl excimer laser operating at 308 nm. Periodic structure with 400 nm pitch constructed by lines of regularly ordered nanoparticles having a diameter up to about 100 nm was confirmed by atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. It is strongly suggested from measurement of X-ray diffraction that the photoinduced nanoparticles have a crystalline phase, and also suggested from measurement of optical frequency doubling that the periodic nanoparticle structure exhibits second harmonic generation (SHG) with an unique polarization dependence of SHG based on nano-structures of dielectric polarization. In addition, such a simple method of phase mask usage was applied to formation of 2D array, and the 2D structures of nano-particles/holes were successfully obtained by laser irradiations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5061
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Symposium on Photonic Glass (ISPG 2002) - Shanghai, China
Duration: Oct 14 2002Oct 17 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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