Fluid challenges in intensive care: the FENICE study: A global inception cohort study

Maurizio Cecconi, Christoph Hofer, Jean Louis Teboul, Ville Pettila, Erika Wilkman, Zsolt Molnar, Giorgio Della Rocca, Cesar Aldecoa, Antonio Artigas, Sameer Jog, Michael Sander, Claudia Spies, Jean Yves Lefrant, Daniel De Backer, E. Silva, X. Zhang, G. Ospina-Tascón, J. Arias, I. Gornik, J. BenesA. Petersen, M. Zsolt, C. Sprung, M. Koch, A. B. Guttormsen, M. Tavares, V. Pettilä, M. Mikaszewska-Sokolewicz, J. Bakker, R. Parke, M. Kirov, J. Wernerman, F. Esen, M. Cannesson, H. Njimi, G. François, G. Cueto, S. Hockley, H. Ambekar, P. F. Laterre, M. F. Dujardin, P. Damas, P. Deschamps, D. Glorieux, E. Hoste, M. Miribung, J. Devriendt, L. Haentjens, P. Biston, T. Dugernier, P. Bulpa, A. Dive, Y. Debaveye, S. Franck, K. Conde, R. Morsch, M. Ramos, F. Dias, S. Mataloun, C. Mendes, F. Silva, C. Grion, M. Knibel, C. Yang, Z. Xiangyu, G. Cai, G. Ortiz, G. Ospina-Tascon, D. Yepes, H. F. Londono Arcila, F. Molina, F. Pereira, H. F. Sanchez-Galvez, F. Benitez, J. Arias Ortiz, M. Gonzalez Rojas, G. Cavric, E. Lukic, I. Zykova, P. Freml, I. Satinsky, P. Suk, I. Novak, M. Balik, P. Szturz, M. Kratochvil, M. Bestle, D. G. Strange, A. Perner, B. S. Rasmussen, J. Hauge, M. Meldgaard, V. Toome, A. Kuitunen, S. Varila, S. Hovilehto, A. Pulkkinen, O. Kiviniemi, M. Tallgren, R. Laitio, N. Mongardon, G. Dhonneur, Y. Malledant, C. Lepouse, M. Darmon, J. P. Mira, J. D. Chiche, O. Joannes-Boyau, S. Preau, J. Larche, N. Mottard, C. Bengler, L. Argaud, O. Hamzaoui, O. Desebbe, P. Burtin, J. Reignier, M. Durand, P. G. Guitard, P. Asfar, M. Guillot, T. Boulain, A. Mekontso Dessap, N. Ducrocq, K. Lakhal, C. Gregoire, M. Schmauss, K. Zacharowski, P. Meybohm, S. Treskatsch, F. Bloos, S. van Huelst, H. Baumann, A. Kersten, A. Goldmann, G. Gkiokas, A. Dimoula, G. Kofinas, G. Anthopoulos, B. Pankotai, C. Kopitko, B. Gartner, E. Schaffer, B. Fulesdi, A. Sarkany, S. Samavedam, B. Shah, S. Dixit, K. Toraskar, S. Nandakumar, A. K. Goila, A. Nayyar, M. Patel, D. Mitra, B. Jagiasi, S. Jakkinaboina, J. Goswami, S. Ghosh, M. Hashemian, A. Mahmoodpoor, D. Breen, J. Benbenishty, M. Kuniavsky, O. Kolpak, G. Castiglione, G. Monti, A. Molin, G. Martucci, G. Panarello, S. M. Raineri, V. Pota, A. Acquarolo, F. Ploner, G. Lapichino, A. Lombardo, A. Roasio, S. Cardelino, A. Pignataro, R. Oggioni, V. Mangani, V. Parrini, S. Spadaro, C. A. Volta, D. Alampi, S. Torrente, L. Monastra, F. Marini, P. Mazzini, D. Albanese, S. Riccardi, F. Ruberto, A. C. Belluomo, R. Silvestri, G. Citerio, N. Brienza, L. Brazzi, A. Protti, N. Bottino, A. David, D. Manzoni, G. Foti, F. Numis, H. Morimatsu, K. Shimizu, L. Munster, V. Rai, M. Buttigieg, P. Pickkers, L. Mijzen, J. Kesecioglu, D. Van Duijn, P. Ormskerk, O. Beck, J. Goodson, B. King, J. Koelle, S. Kantor, O. Gomez, I. Ramos, M. Jedynak, W. Sulkowski, B. Adamik, M. Chruscikowski, J. Wadelek, J. Korzybski, A. Misiewska-Kaczur, M. Piasecka-Twarog, A. Fijaikowska, D. Maciejewski, K. Smiechowicz, E. Milkowska, A. Czerwinska, A. Lukaszewska, A. Wieczorek, M. Czuczwar, A. Czerwiec, B. Tamowicz, V. Branco, J. Estilita, C. Basilio, C. Diogo, R. Toma, S. I. Bubenek-Turconi, D. Filipescu, M. Popescu, J. Titova, V. Belskiy, A. Smetkin, E. Grigoryev, S. Pugachev, A. Gasenkampf, A. Abouelala, G. Almekhlafi, E. Rupnik, H. Garcia-Delgado, A. Saez Fernandez, M. Celaya Lopez, F. Ramasco, K. Planas, E. Zavala, M. De Nadal, S. A. Picos, S. Fernandez, A. Munoz, L. Herrera Para, E. Maseda, A. Rovira, M. I. Monge Garcia, R. Ferrer, J. Sole Violan, X. Garcia Nogales, E. Torrents, J. Ripolles Melchor, J. I. Tomás Marsilla, P. Araujo Aguilar, G. Aguilar, E. M. Menor, M. C. Martinez, A. M. Leal Micharet, C. Ferri Riera, D. Mosquera, I. Astola, S. Freita-Ramos, P. Garcia Olivares, M. B. Jimenez Bartolome, I. Fernandez Gonzalez, J. A. Sanchez-Izquierdo, P. Arribas, C. Gimenez-Esparzavich, M. Anglada, S. Martin, R. K. Weerakoon, K. Bendjelid, T. Fumeaux, M. Maggiorini, O. Demirkiran, T. Adanir, P. Ergin Ozcan, N. Kelebek Girgin, N. Elahi, S. Kashef, A. Alsabbah, A. Lowe, M. Wise, M. P. Vizcaychipi, S. Baht, S. Webb, J. Friis, C. Boulanger, A. Gratrix, D. Harvey, A. Ferguson, L. Espie, P. Toth-Tarsoly, K. Lewis, B. Shelley, J. Thuerey, D. Przemyslaw, M. Ranganathan, A. Hormis, M. Spivey, J. Henning, R. Saveker, P. Csabi, M. Bland, C. Barrera Groba, N. Al-Subaie, R. Thomson, M. Hamilton, F. Iannuccelli, C. Roberts, N. Sherwood, V. Kasipandian, J. Silversides, A. Jonas, T. Szakmany, E. Vickers, J. Richards, L. Tham, D. Williams, S. Heenen, M. Hobrok, A. Walden, A. Raj, P. Bauer, R. Kashyap, P. Tolnai, B. J. Kjelle, F. H. Andersen, J. E. Palo, S. A. Namendys-Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

231 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Fluid challenges (FCs) are one of the most commonly used therapies in critically ill patients and represent the cornerstone of hemodynamic management in intensive care units. There are clear benefits and harms from fluid therapy. Limited data on the indication, type, amount and rate of an FC in critically ill patients exist in the literature. The primary aim was to evaluate how physicians conduct FCs in terms of type, volume, and rate of given fluid; the secondary aim was to evaluate variables used to trigger an FC and to compare the proportion of patients receiving further fluid administration based on the response to the FC. Methods: This was an observational study conducted in ICUs around the world. Each participating unit entered a maximum of 20 patients with one FC. Results: 2213 patients were enrolled and analyzed in the study. The median [interquartile range] amount of fluid given during an FC was 500 ml (500–1000). The median time was 24 min (40–60 min), and the median rate of FC was 1000 [500–1333] ml/h. The main indication for FC was hypotension in 1211 (59 %, CI 57–61 %). In 43 % (CI 41–45 %) of the cases no hemodynamic variable was used. Static markers of preload were used in 785 of 2213 cases (36 %, CI 34–37 %). Dynamic indices of preload responsiveness were used in 483 of 2213 cases (22 %, CI 20–24 %). No safety variable for the FC was used in 72 % (CI 70–74 %) of the cases. There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of patients who received further fluids after the FC between those with a positive, with an uncertain or with a negatively judged response. Conclusions: The current practice and evaluation of FC in critically ill patients are highly variable. Prediction of fluid responsiveness is not used routinely, safety limits are rarely used, and information from previous failed FCs is not always taken into account.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1529-1537
Number of pages9
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 29 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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    Cecconi, M., Hofer, C., Teboul, J. L., Pettila, V., Wilkman, E., Molnar, Z., Della Rocca, G., Aldecoa, C., Artigas, A., Jog, S., Sander, M., Spies, C., Lefrant, J. Y., De Backer, D., Silva, E., Zhang, X., Ospina-Tascón, G., Arias, J., Gornik, I., ... Namendys-Silva, S. A. (2015). Fluid challenges in intensive care: the FENICE study: A global inception cohort study. Intensive Care Medicine, 41(9), 1529-1537. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-015-3850-x