Alagille syndrome (AGS) is a rare hereditary disorder exhibiting fluctuating cholestasis and dyslipidemia. Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and liver X receptor (LXR) are hepatic nuclear receptors that regulate bile acid and lipoprotein metabolism. To investigate whether cholestasis is related to dyslipidemia and hepatic nuclear receptor expression in AGS patients, we determined the blood levels of total bile acid (TBA) and lipoprotein parameters, and examined hepatic nuclear receptor expression in three AGS children and their three incomplete AGS parents repeatedly over several years. In the AGS children, TBA level showed significant positive correlations with low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, apolipoprotein E (apoE)-rich high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), apoA-I, apoE, and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) concentrations, but negative correlation with apoE-poor HDL-C concentration. Western blot analysis of liver biopsy specimens revealed that FXR and LXR expression increased in parallel with TBA level. CETP- and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 expression also increased with TBA level, while scavenger receptor class B type-I expression showed the opposite response. However, apoA-I expression was similar to the control level at any TBA level. In the incomplete AGS parents, TBA and lipoprotein parameters showed little fluctuation. In summary, cholestasis is closely related to dyslipidemia and hepatic nuclear receptor expression in AGS patients.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2008|
- Apolipoprotein E
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine