Nonreacting experiments were conducted at Mach 2 to understand the relationship between a wall-mounted alternating-ramp-wedge-type hypermixer and transverse injection compared with a step mixer. Experimental techniques such as schlieren visualization and stereoscopic particle image velocimetry were employed to study the three-dimensional flowfield with vortex structures induced by the interaction between the mixer and transverse injection. Without injection, the hypermixer creates a region that contains vortical motions. When a transverse jet is injected in the vortical region, flow parameters on mixing performance, such as the penetration height, vorticity, and turbulent stress, are improved. Three turbulent-stress components show relatively distinct distributions, and strong turbulent stresses are observed at the upper side of the jet plume. Turbulent-stress distributions are significantly associated with strain rate, which peaks along the sonic line of the jet plume.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aerospace Engineering