Flow Density in Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography is Useful for Retinopathy Diagnosis in Diabetic Patients

Yoshihiro Kaizu, Shintaro Nakao, Mitsuru Arima, Takehito Hayami, Iori Wada, Muneo Yamaguchi, Haruka Sekiryu, Keijiro Ishikawa, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Koh Hei Sonoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our study evaluated the diagnostic capability of flow density (FD) in OCT angiography (OCTA) for diabetic retinopathy (DR) detection in diabetic patients. We studied 93 eyes of 68 diabetic patients who underwent OCTA (36 and 57 eyes without and with DR, respectively). Retinal capillary FD of a 2.6 × 2.6 mm2 area and four divided areas at the superficial (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) were measured. Predictions were evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The diagnostic capabilities of the FDs in discriminating between eyes without DR and eyes with total or early DR were compared. Furthermore, predictions with foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and DM duration were also compared with FD. Prediction using FD AUC in the temporal side in the DCP (0.83) was the highest and significantly better than all other AUCs examined (P < 0.05), including discriminating between eyes without DR and with early DR (P < 0.01). Prediction using this particular AUC was also significantly better than that by FAZ area and HbA1c (P < 0.001 and <0.001, respectively). Area-divided FD in OCTA may be valuable for diagnosing retinopathy in diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8668
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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