Flood hydrograph estimation using an adjoint shallow-water model

Keisuke Yoshida, Tadaharu Ishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes the estimation of the flood discharge hydrograph for a compound open channel floodplain using data assimilation. The hydrograph was produced iteratively using an adjoint shallow-water model with time-series data of observed water levels. Data assimilation was applied to a flood event that occurred in mid-September 1998 along a 20 km stretch of the lower Tone River in Japan. Both the estimated hydrograph and the flow field simulated using the hydrograph were verified by comparison with the results of aerial photographic analysis. Results show that the hydrograph based on the stage-discharge was overestimated, but it was reasonably corrected by the data assimilation technique used for this study. In addition, the resulting relation during the flood event exhibited a hysteresis loop characteristic, which is typical of compound open channel flows during flooding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-440
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Hydro-Environment Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2015


  • Adjoint model
  • Compound open channel
  • Data assimilation
  • Discharge estimation
  • Shallow-water equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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