Flood hydrograph estimation using an adjoint shallow-water model

Keisuke Yoshida, Tadaharu Ishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the estimation of the flood discharge hydrograph for a compound open channel floodplain using data assimilation. The hydrograph was produced iteratively using an adjoint shallow-water model with time-series data of observed water levels. Data assimilation was applied to a flood event that occurred in mid-September 1998 along a 20 km stretch of the lower Tone River in Japan. Both the estimated hydrograph and the flow field simulated using the hydrograph were verified by comparison with the results of aerial photographic analysis. Results show that the hydrograph based on the stage-discharge was overestimated, but it was reasonably corrected by the data assimilation technique used for this study. In addition, the resulting relation during the flood event exhibited a hysteresis loop characteristic, which is typical of compound open channel flows during flooding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-440
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Hydro-Environment Research
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

Fingerprint

hydrograph
shallow water
Water
data assimilation
Open channel flow
Hysteresis loops
Water levels
Time series
Flow fields
Rivers
open channel flow
Antennas
hysteresis
flow field
floodplain
water level
flooding
time series
river

Keywords

  • Adjoint model
  • Compound open channel
  • Data assimilation
  • Discharge estimation
  • Shallow-water equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Flood hydrograph estimation using an adjoint shallow-water model. / Yoshida, Keisuke; Ishikawa, Tadaharu.

In: Journal of Hydro-Environment Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, 01.09.2015, p. 429-440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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