Fiber-modified adenoviral vector expressing the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand gene from the human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter induces apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells

Dietmar Jacob, Guido Schumacher, Marcus Bahra, John Davis, Hong Bu Zhu, Li Dong Zhang, Fuminori Teraishi, Peter Neuhaus, Bing Liang Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Because of a major resistance to chemotherapy, prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still poor. New treatments are required and gene therapy may be an option. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in multiple malignant tumors, and using adenoviral vectors has shown a targeted tumor-specific therapy. However, repeated administration of adenoviral vectors can lead to cell resistance, which may be caused by the initial coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR). One technique to overcome resistance is the use of modified adenoviral vectors containing an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence. In this study we constructed an adenoviral vector (designated Ad/TRAIL-F/RGD) with RGD-modified fibers, expressing the TRAIL gene from the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter, and evaluated its antitumor activity in HCC cell lines. Methods: To investigate the effects of Ad/TRAIL-F/RGD in human HCC cell lines Hep G2 and Hep 3b, cells were infected with Ad/CMV-GFP (vector control), Ad/gTRAIL (positive control), and Ad/TRAIL-F/RGD. Phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was used as control. Cell viability was determined by proliferation assay (XTT), and apoptosis induction by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS). Results: Cells treated with Ad/TRAIL-F/RGD and Ad/gTRAIL showed a significantly reduced cell viability in comparison to PBS and Ad/CMV-GFP treatment in both cell lines. Whereas, treatment with PBS and Ad/CMV-GFP had no cell-killing effect. The reduced cell viability was caused by induction of apoptosis as shown by FACS analysis. The amount of apoptotic cells was similar after incubation with Ad/gTRAIL and Ad/TRAIL-F/RGD. Conclusion: The new RGD modified vector Ad/TRAIL-F/RGD could become a potent therapeutic agent for the treatment of HCC, adenovirus resistant tumors, and CAR low or negative cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2552-2556
Number of pages5
JournalWorld journal of gastroenterology
Volume11
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 7 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HCC
  • TRAIL
  • hTERT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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