Fermentation and microbial population dynamics during the ensiling of native grass and subsequent exposure to air

Qing Zhang, Baiyila Wu, Naoki Nishino, Xianguo Wang, Zhu Yu

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10 Citations (Scopus)


To study the microbial population and fermentation dynamics of large needlegrass (LN) and Chinese leymus (CL) during ensiling and subsequent exposure to air, silages were sampled and analyzed using culture-based techniques and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). A total of 112 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains were isolated and identified using the 16S rRNA sequencing method. Lactic acid was not detected in the first 20days in LN silage and the pH decreased to 6.13 after 45days of ensiling. The temperature of the LN silage increased after approximately 30h of air exposure and the CL silage showed a slight temperature variation. Enterococcus spp. were mainly present in LN silage. The proportion of Lactobacillus brevis in CL silage increased after exposure to air. LN silage with a higher proportion of Enterococcus spp. and propionic acid concentration did not show higher fermentation quality or aerobic stability than CL silage, which had a higher concentration of acetic acid, butyric acid and increased proportion of L. brevis after exposure to air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-397
Number of pages9
JournalAnimal Science Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016



  • Aerobic stability
  • Fermentation
  • Microbial population dynamics
  • Silage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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