Background-Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs) are a promising source of cells for regenerating myocardium. However, several issues, especially the large-scale preparation of hiPS-CMs and elimination of undifferentiated iPS cells, must be resolved before hiPS cells can be used clinically. The cell-sheet technique is one of the useful methods for transplanting large numbers of cells. We hypothesized that hiPS-CM-sheet transplantation would be feasible, safe, and therapeutically effective for the treatment of ischemic cardiomyopathy. Methods and Results-Human iPS cells were established by infecting human dermal fibroblasts with a retrovirus carrying Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc. Cardiomyogenic differentiation was induced by WNT signaling molecules, yielding hiPS-CMs that were almost 90% positive for α-actinin, Nkx2.5, and cardiac troponin T. hiPS-CM sheets were created using thermoresponsive dishes and transplanted over the myocardial infarcts in a porcine model of ischemic cardiomyopathy induced by ameroid constriction of the left anterior descending coronary artery (n=6 for the iPS group receiving sheet transplantation and the sham-operated group; both groups received tacrolimus daily). Transplantation significantly improved cardiac performance and attenuated left ventricular remodeling. hiPS-CMs were detectable 8 weeks after transplantation, but very few survived long term. No teratoma formation was observed in animals that received hiPS-CM sheets. Conclusions-The culture system used yields a large number of highly pure hiPS-CMs, and hiPS-CM sheets could improve cardiac function after ischemic cardiomyopathy. This newly developed culture system and the hiPS-CM sheets may provide a basis for the clinical use of hiPS cells in cardiac regeneration therapy.
- pluripotent stem cell
- regeneration therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)