Feasibility of a monitoring system for detecting changes in dioxin concentrations of both in flue gas and fly ash in incineration plants

Kenji Yasuda, Ikuko Yoda, Katsuya Kawamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Surrogate measurements should be low in cost and quick to perform. To examine its feasibility, continuous surrogate monitoring was performed using an organic halogen compound (OHC) analyzer. Surrogates for dioxins (DXNs) from waste incinerators were examined by changing the operating conditions such as the atomized volume of activated carbon added and the temperature at the inlet of the dust collector. OHCs were measured along with DXNs in flue gas at the inlet and the outlet of the dust collector of two waste incinerators over five runs; the fly ash was sampled at the same time. Although the final flue gas concentration of DXNs at the incineration plants was below the regulation criteria, this does not mean complete reduction of DXNs. In addition, the de novo synthesis of DXNs inside the dust collectors was studied by analyzing the mass balance for DXNs concentrations in flue gas and fly ash. Semivolatile chlorinated organic compound concentrations at the outlet of the bag filter were basically well correlated with DXNs levels at the inlet of the bag filter in the test runs. When advanced flue gas treatment is applied b0y using a bag filter and lime/activated carbon adsorbent, DXNs that may be generated during flue gas cooling processes move to the fly ash, and this amount determines the mass balance of the entire system. It may be useful to monitor surrogate organic halogens for detecting changes in DXN concentrations of both flue gas and fly ash in incineration plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-338
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Waste incineration
incineration
Fly ash
Flue gases
fly ash
monitoring system
dioxin
Dust collectors
Monitoring
Refuse incinerators
Activated carbon
Halogen compounds
Effluent treatment
halogen
dust
filter
activated carbon
Organic compounds
Lime
mass balance

Keywords

  • Continuous monitoring
  • Dioxins
  • Organic halogen compound
  • Surrogate
  • Waste incinerator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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title = "Feasibility of a monitoring system for detecting changes in dioxin concentrations of both in flue gas and fly ash in incineration plants",
abstract = "Surrogate measurements should be low in cost and quick to perform. To examine its feasibility, continuous surrogate monitoring was performed using an organic halogen compound (OHC) analyzer. Surrogates for dioxins (DXNs) from waste incinerators were examined by changing the operating conditions such as the atomized volume of activated carbon added and the temperature at the inlet of the dust collector. OHCs were measured along with DXNs in flue gas at the inlet and the outlet of the dust collector of two waste incinerators over five runs; the fly ash was sampled at the same time. Although the final flue gas concentration of DXNs at the incineration plants was below the regulation criteria, this does not mean complete reduction of DXNs. In addition, the de novo synthesis of DXNs inside the dust collectors was studied by analyzing the mass balance for DXNs concentrations in flue gas and fly ash. Semivolatile chlorinated organic compound concentrations at the outlet of the bag filter were basically well correlated with DXNs levels at the inlet of the bag filter in the test runs. When advanced flue gas treatment is applied b0y using a bag filter and lime/activated carbon adsorbent, DXNs that may be generated during flue gas cooling processes move to the fly ash, and this amount determines the mass balance of the entire system. It may be useful to monitor surrogate organic halogens for detecting changes in DXN concentrations of both flue gas and fly ash in incineration plants.",
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AU - Kawamoto, Katsuya

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N2 - Surrogate measurements should be low in cost and quick to perform. To examine its feasibility, continuous surrogate monitoring was performed using an organic halogen compound (OHC) analyzer. Surrogates for dioxins (DXNs) from waste incinerators were examined by changing the operating conditions such as the atomized volume of activated carbon added and the temperature at the inlet of the dust collector. OHCs were measured along with DXNs in flue gas at the inlet and the outlet of the dust collector of two waste incinerators over five runs; the fly ash was sampled at the same time. Although the final flue gas concentration of DXNs at the incineration plants was below the regulation criteria, this does not mean complete reduction of DXNs. In addition, the de novo synthesis of DXNs inside the dust collectors was studied by analyzing the mass balance for DXNs concentrations in flue gas and fly ash. Semivolatile chlorinated organic compound concentrations at the outlet of the bag filter were basically well correlated with DXNs levels at the inlet of the bag filter in the test runs. When advanced flue gas treatment is applied b0y using a bag filter and lime/activated carbon adsorbent, DXNs that may be generated during flue gas cooling processes move to the fly ash, and this amount determines the mass balance of the entire system. It may be useful to monitor surrogate organic halogens for detecting changes in DXN concentrations of both flue gas and fly ash in incineration plants.

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