Background: Lung transplantation (LT) is a reliable therapeutic option for end-stage pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). Long-term outcome of LAM recipients after LT remains unknown. The aim of this study was to describe the outcomes of LT for LAM with a long-term follow-up, comparing those for other diseases in the same period. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive 145 LT recipients between 1998 and 2015 at Okayama University Hospital with minimum 3-year follow-up. Results: Twelve LAM recipients including nine sporadic-LAM and three tuberous sclerosis complex -LAM were identified. Nine of 12 underwent bilateral LT including four living-donor lobar LT. There was no significant difference in overall survival between the two groups. (P = 0.15). Chronic lung allograft dysfunction free survival rate in LAM compared with other diseases tended to be better (P = 0.058). However, the rate of requiring hemodialysis was significantly higher in LAM recipients than in the recipients of other diseases (P = 0.047). Notably, 8 of 12 (67%) LAM patients encountered LAM-related complication including chylothorax and pneumothorax, seven (58%) had proliferative diseases consisting of renal angiomyolipoma and recurrent LAM. Nine patients required mTOR inhibitors for LAM-related problems, contributing to improved control of LAM-related problems. While all nine recipients of bilateral LT have still survived, two patients died of diseases in their native lungs and one required re-LT among three recipients of single LT. Conclusion: Although the rates of LAM-related complications were unexpectedly high in the long term, LT is a feasible therapeutic option for patients with advanced pulmonary LAM.
- lung transplantation
- mTOR inhibitor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine