Fast diffusion of molecular hydrogen in hydrogen hydrates

Takuo Okuchi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    In order to analyse the dynamics of molecules at high pressures, we are applying high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy for samples at gigapascals of pressures in a diamond anvil cell. Here we report some results of its application to various phases of hydrogen hydrates. These hydrates are stable only at high pressures and have never been analyzed in situ by NMR. The observed 1H-NMR spectra of filled-ice hydrogen hydrates at pressures 1 to 4 GPa gave anomalously narrow resonances of the H2 guests encapsulated into hydrogen-bonded H2O frameworks. Observed effects of pressure on NMR relaxation times of these H2 guests indicate that molecular rotation and translational diffusion contribute together to their spin relaxation. We determined the two motional correlation times of the H2 guest molecules as a function of pressure. From the diffusion correlation time, liquid-like fast diffusion of the H2 guests within the hydrate, of the order of 10-8 cm2/s, has been deduced. For hydrogen clathrate hydrate stable at much lower pressure, such diffusion is even faster, which was separately confirmed by pulsed-gradient field NMR method using a sapphire gas-pressure cell.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)210-216
    Number of pages7
    JournalReview of High Pressure Science and Technology/Koatsuryoku No Kagaku To Gijutsu
    Volume19
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Keywords

    • Clathrate hydrate
    • Diffusion
    • Filled ice
    • Hydrogen
    • Nuclear magnetic resonance
    • Spin relaxation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics

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