Fas-mediated cytotoxicity by γδ T cells during acute rejection in xenotransplantation of spheroidal aggregate-cultured hepatocytes

Kazuyoshi Ota, Takahito Yagi, Hiromi Iwagaki, Yoshinori Morimoto, Hiroshi Sadamori, Masaru Inagaki, Naoto Urushihara, Tsuyoshi Matsuno, Shinya Saito, Noriaki Tanaka

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Xenogeneic transplantation has recently become a subject of interest for the transplantation community due to the current organ shortage, which could be partially or even totally solved by the development of this strategy. However, xenogeneic rejection remains a formidable barrier preventing such use in a clinical setting. The spheroidal aggregate-cultured hepatocytes of WKA rats were injected into the spleen of C3H mice, and quantitative assessment of transplanted xenogeneic hepatocytes using 99mTc-GSA demonstrated that hepatocytes decreased dramatically 2 days after transplantation (day 2) and few viable hepatocytes in spheroids were detected on day 3. The NK activity significantly increased on day 1, and γδ receptor/FasL-expressing T cells appeared on day 2. These results suggested that xenogeneic cytotoxicity consisted of γδ T cells through the Fas/Fas ligand system, as well as non-T-cell-mediated cellular response, in the MHC- unrestricted pathway in this intrasplenically transplanted xenogeneic hepatocyte model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-54
Number of pages12
JournalResearch Communications in Molecular Pathology and Pharmacology
Volume105
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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