Familial and sporadic chronic progressive degenerative parietal ataxia

Ryuta Morihara, Toru Yamashita, Kentaro Deguchi, Tomoko Kurata, Emi Nomura, Kota Sato, Yumiko Nakano, Yasuyuki Ohta, Nozomi Hishikawa, Takeshi Ikeuchi, Masataka Kitaguchi, Koji Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & objective: Parietal ataxia has been mainly reported as a consequence of acute ischemic stroke, while degenerative parietal ataxia has not been reported. Methods: We investigated clinical characteristics, neuroimaging data, and genetic analysis of patients with cerebellar ataxia plus parietal atrophy. Results: We identified seven patients, including five patients from two families, with chronic progressive cerebellar ataxia due to degenerative parietal atrophy but not stroke. Age at onset of ataxia was 57.6 ± 6.9 years. All patients showed chronic progressive cerebellar ataxia with severity of ataxic gait > limb ataxia > dysarthria. Patients showed no cognitive dysfunction, muscle weakness, or parkinsonism, and only two patients showed mild sensory disturbances. The seven patients showed lateralized limb ataxia with greater contralateral parietal lobe atrophy by magnetic resonance imaging, and hypoperfusion by single photon emission computed tomography, without any abnormal cerebellar pathology (i.e., crossed cerebellar diaschisis). Pathogenic mutations in the microtubule-associated protein tau gene were not found using two single nucleotide polymorphisms. Conclusions: This is the first description showing unique clinical features of familial and sporadic chronic progressive degenerative parietal ataxia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-74
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume387
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 2018

Keywords

  • Crossed cerebellar diaschisis
  • MAPT
  • Parietal ataxia
  • Parietal lobe atrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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