Background: Mutations in the SOD1 gene are responsible for approximately 25% of all familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases. However, the correlation between the clinical and pathological features and the various SOD1 gene mutations has not been well characterized. Objectives: To screen the SOD1 gene in search of potential mutations and to obtain clinical and pathological data for 2 Japanese families with ALS. Design: Clinical histories and neurological findings, gross and microscopic pathological features, and DNA analysis of the SOD1 gene. Results: The 2 families with ALS showed a novel missense mutation in the SOD1 gene, which was heterozygous for point mutation TTG to TCG, causing substitution of leucine for serine at codon 126 (Leu126Ser) in exon 5. Clinically, patients showed slower disease progression and lack of upper motor neuron signs. Neuropathologically, the autopsied patient showed the form of familial ALS with posterior column involvement, and the pontocerebellar tract and the dentate nuclei of the cerebellum were also involved. Furthermore, abundant Lewy body-like hyaline inclusions were observed in the affected motor and nonmotor neurons, Conclusions: Familial ALS with a novel Leu126Ser mutation in the SOD1 gene showed mild clinical features and lack of upper motor neuron signs. We believe that Leu126Ser might be associated with the clinical features and that the mutation site in the SOD1 gene and disease duration might be associated with the formation of Lewy body-like hyaline inclusions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Clinical Neurology