Ezetimibe improves postprandial hyperlipemia and its induced endothelial dysfunction

Kei Yunoki, Kazufumi Nakamura, Toru Miyoshi, Kenki Enko, Kunihisa Kohno, Hiroshi Morita, Kengo F. Kusano, Hiroshi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Postprandial hyperlipemia has been shown to impair endothelial function and contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. We investigated the association between postprandial lipid profiles and endothelial function, and we examined the effects of ezetimibe on postprandial hyperlipemia and lipemia-induced endothelial dysfunction. Methods: A randomized prospective trial in which 10. mg/day of ezetimibe was administered to 10 subjects for 4 weeks and not administered to 10 subjects (control group) was performed. Lipid profiles and endothelial function, assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) during a fasting state and at 2, 4, 6 and 8. h after an oral cookie loading test, were determined before and after treatment for 4 weeks. Results: In all subjects before treatment, the maximum reduction in postprandial %FMD was significantly correlated with the maximum increases in postprandial triglyceride (TG) (r = -0.499, P< 0.05) and apolipoprotein B-48 (apoB-48) concentrations (r = -0.551, P< 0.05). Ezetimibe treatment for 4 weeks significantly suppressed postprandial elevation in TG (area under the incremental curve, from 1419 ± 594 to 968 ± 321. mg. h/dl, P< 0.05), remnant lipoprotein cholesterol (from 66.9 ± 27.6 to 38.9 ± 15.4. mg. h/dl, P< 0.01) and apoB-48 (from 58.8 ± 27.5 to 36.2 ± 17.0 μg. h/ml, P< 0.05) concentrations, and postprandial endothelial dysfunction assessed by %FMD (maximum reduction in %FMD, from -2.6 ± 1.1% to -1.2 ± 0.8%, P< 0.05), whereas no significant changes were observed in the control group. Conclusion: Postprandial hyperlipemia is closely correlated with transient endothelial dysfunction. Ezetimibe improves postprandial hyperlipemia and its induced endothelial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-491
Number of pages6
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume217
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Endothelial function
  • Ezetimibe
  • Postprandial hyperlipemia
  • Triglyceride-rich lipoproteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ezetimibe improves postprandial hyperlipemia and its induced endothelial dysfunction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this