Extremely low activity of methionine synthase in vitamin B-12-deficient rats may be related to effects on coenzyme stabilization rather than to changes in coenzyme induction

Kazuhiro Yamada, Tetsunori Kawata, Masahiro Wada, Tomoko Isshiki, Junko Onoda, Tomiko Kawanishi, Akiko Kunou, Tadahiro Tadokoro, Takamasa Tobimatsu, Akio Maekawa, Tetsuo Toraya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Severely vitamin B-12 (B-12)-deficient rats were produced by feeding a B-12-deficient diet. The status of B-12 deficiency was confirmed by an increase in urinary methylmalonate excretion and decreases in liver B-12 concentrations and cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase activity. Rat liver methionine synthase existed almost exclusively as the holoenzyme. In B- 12-deficient rats, the level of methionine synthase protein was lower, although the mRNA level was not significantly different from that of control rats. When methylcobalamin, the coenzyme for methionine synthase, was administered to the B-12-deficient rats, growth, liver B-12 concentrations and urinary excretion of methylmalonate were reversed although not always to control (B-12-sufficient) levels in a short period. During this recovery process, methionine synthase activity and its protein level increased, whereas the mRNA level was unaffected. We reported previously that rat apomethionine synthase is very unstable and is stabilized by forming a complex with methylcobalamin. Thus, the extremely low activity of methionine synthase in B-12-deficient rats may be related to effects on 'coenzyme stabilization' (stabilization of the enzyme by cobalamin binding) rather than to changes in 'coenzyme induction'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1894-1900
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume130
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

5-Methyltetrahydrofolate-Homocysteine S-Methyltransferase
methionine synthase
coenzymes
Coenzymes
vitamin B12
Vitamin B 12
rats
liver
Liver
excretion
Messenger RNA
Holoenzymes
Proteins
proteins
Diet
Enzymes
Growth
enzymes

Keywords

  • Cobalamin
  • Methionine synthase
  • Rats
  • Vitamin B-12
  • Vitamin B-12 deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

Extremely low activity of methionine synthase in vitamin B-12-deficient rats may be related to effects on coenzyme stabilization rather than to changes in coenzyme induction. / Yamada, Kazuhiro; Kawata, Tetsunori; Wada, Masahiro; Isshiki, Tomoko; Onoda, Junko; Kawanishi, Tomiko; Kunou, Akiko; Tadokoro, Tadahiro; Tobimatsu, Takamasa; Maekawa, Akio; Toraya, Tetsuo.

In: Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 130, No. 8, 2000, p. 1894-1900.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamada, Kazuhiro ; Kawata, Tetsunori ; Wada, Masahiro ; Isshiki, Tomoko ; Onoda, Junko ; Kawanishi, Tomiko ; Kunou, Akiko ; Tadokoro, Tadahiro ; Tobimatsu, Takamasa ; Maekawa, Akio ; Toraya, Tetsuo. / Extremely low activity of methionine synthase in vitamin B-12-deficient rats may be related to effects on coenzyme stabilization rather than to changes in coenzyme induction. In: Journal of Nutrition. 2000 ; Vol. 130, No. 8. pp. 1894-1900.
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abstract = "Severely vitamin B-12 (B-12)-deficient rats were produced by feeding a B-12-deficient diet. The status of B-12 deficiency was confirmed by an increase in urinary methylmalonate excretion and decreases in liver B-12 concentrations and cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase activity. Rat liver methionine synthase existed almost exclusively as the holoenzyme. In B- 12-deficient rats, the level of methionine synthase protein was lower, although the mRNA level was not significantly different from that of control rats. When methylcobalamin, the coenzyme for methionine synthase, was administered to the B-12-deficient rats, growth, liver B-12 concentrations and urinary excretion of methylmalonate were reversed although not always to control (B-12-sufficient) levels in a short period. During this recovery process, methionine synthase activity and its protein level increased, whereas the mRNA level was unaffected. We reported previously that rat apomethionine synthase is very unstable and is stabilized by forming a complex with methylcobalamin. Thus, the extremely low activity of methionine synthase in B-12-deficient rats may be related to effects on 'coenzyme stabilization' (stabilization of the enzyme by cobalamin binding) rather than to changes in 'coenzyme induction'.",
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AU - Yamada, Kazuhiro

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AU - Onoda, Junko

AU - Kawanishi, Tomiko

AU - Kunou, Akiko

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AB - Severely vitamin B-12 (B-12)-deficient rats were produced by feeding a B-12-deficient diet. The status of B-12 deficiency was confirmed by an increase in urinary methylmalonate excretion and decreases in liver B-12 concentrations and cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase activity. Rat liver methionine synthase existed almost exclusively as the holoenzyme. In B- 12-deficient rats, the level of methionine synthase protein was lower, although the mRNA level was not significantly different from that of control rats. When methylcobalamin, the coenzyme for methionine synthase, was administered to the B-12-deficient rats, growth, liver B-12 concentrations and urinary excretion of methylmalonate were reversed although not always to control (B-12-sufficient) levels in a short period. During this recovery process, methionine synthase activity and its protein level increased, whereas the mRNA level was unaffected. We reported previously that rat apomethionine synthase is very unstable and is stabilized by forming a complex with methylcobalamin. Thus, the extremely low activity of methionine synthase in B-12-deficient rats may be related to effects on 'coenzyme stabilization' (stabilization of the enzyme by cobalamin binding) rather than to changes in 'coenzyme induction'.

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