Extraction of lipid from sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus) gonad by enzyme-assisted aqueous and supercritical carbon dioxide methods

Bei Wei Zhu, Lei Qin, Da Yong Zhou, Hai Tao Wu, Jing Wu, Jing Feng Yang, Dong Mei Li, Xiu Ping Dong, Yoshiyuki Murata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As rich in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), sea urchin gonad could be used as a potential resource of such type ingredients. In the present study, lipid was extracted from sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus) gonad, without using organic solvent but using an enzyme-assisted aqueous method and a supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) method. The yield of lipid extracted was calculated in comparison with the soxhlet extraction using ethyl ether as solvent. The results showed that enzyme-assisted aqueous extraction allowed recovering 82.0 ± 2.1,76.0 ± 2.3,72.9 ± 3.6, and 61.5 ± 1.6% of sea urchin gonad lipid from the sample hydrolyzed by papain, neutral protease, alkaline protease, and trypsin, respectively. Meanwhile, a lipid yield of 53.7 ± 2.6% was achieved by SC-CO2 extraction. The lipid obtained was divided into unsaponifiable (sterol) and fatty acid, and analyzed by GC-MS. Results demonstrated that the compositions of sterol and fatty acid were very similar for samples extracted by different methods. PUFA was the chief component which accounts for approximately 35% of the total fatty acid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)737-743
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Food Research and Technology
Volume230
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2010

Keywords

  • Enzyme-assisted aqueous extraction
  • Fatty acid
  • Gonad
  • Sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus nudus)
  • Sterol
  • Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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