Extraction of defatted rice bran by subcritical water treatment

Shigeru Hata, Jintana Wiboonsirikul, Atsushi Maeda, Yukitaka Kimura, Shuji Adachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Defatted rice bran was treated with subcritical water in the temperature range of 180-280 °C for 5 min using 117 mL and 9 mL vessels to produce the extracts. The total sugar and protein contents and radical scavenging activity of the extracts were then estimated for both vessels. The total sugar concentration of ca. 0.3 g/L-extract was the highest for the extracts at 200 °C, and it significantly decreased at the higher temperatures. The protein concentration and radical scavenging activity were higher at the higher temperatures. Extraction was also done at 200 °C and 260 °C for various times using the small vessel. The total sugar concentration decreased with the increasing extraction time, while the protein concentration and radical scavenging activity only slightly depended on the extraction time. The extracts at 200 °C or lower temperatures using the large vessel possessed the emulsifying and emulsion-stabilizing activities. The HPLC analysis of the extract at 260 °C for 5 min using the small vessel indicated that it contained both hydrophilic and hydrophobic substances. The hydrophilic fraction of the extract mainly contained low-molecular-mass substances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-53
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidative ability
  • Extraction
  • Rice bran
  • Subcritical water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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