Suppressors produced by Mycosphaerella pinodes are glycopeptides to block pea defense responses induced by elicitors. A clone, S64, was isolated as cDNA for suppressor-inducible gene from pea epicotyls. The treatment of pea epicotyls with suppressor alone induced an increase of S64 mRNA within 1 h, and it reached a maximum level at 3 h after treatment. The induction was not affected by application of the elicitor, indicating that the suppressor has a dominant action to regulate S64 gene expression. S64 was also induced by inoculation with a virulent pathogen, M. pinodes, but not by inoculation with a non-pathogen, Ascochyta rabid, nor by treatment with fungal elicitor. The deduced structure of S64 showed high homology to 12-oxophytodienoic acid reductase (OPR) in Arabidopsis thaliana. A recombinant protein derived from S64 had OPR activity, suggesting compatibility-specific activation of the octadecanoid pathway in plants. Treatment with jasmonic acid (JA) or methyl jasmonic acid, end products of the octadecanoid pathway, inhibited the elicitor-induced accumulation of PAL mRNA in pea. These results indicate that the suppressor-induced S64 gene expression leads to the production of JA or related compounds, which might contribute to the establishment of compatibility by inhibiting the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway.
- Jasmonic acid
- Oxophytodienoic acid reductase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology