Expression of serotonin receptor HTR4 in glucagon-like peptide-1-positive enteroendocrine cells of the murine intestine

Motoshi Okumura, Akihiro Hamada, Fumina Ohsaka, Takeshi Tsuruta, Tohru Hira, Kei Sonoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) synthesized and released in enterochromaffin (EC) cells participates in various functions in the gastrointestinal tract by acting on a diverse range of 5-HT receptors (HTRs) expressed on smooth muscle, enteric neurons, and epithelial cells. We previously observed that genes encoding HTR2A, HTR2B, and HTR4 are expressed in murine intestinal organoids, suggesting the expression of these HTRs in intestinal epithelial cells. The present study investigated the localization of these HTRs in the murine intestine by immunofluorescence staining. HTR2A, HTR2B, and HTR4 localized in individual solitary cells in the epithelium, while HTR2C was observed in the lamina propria. In the epithelium, HTR2A, HTR2B, and HTR4 colocalized with 5-HT, and HTR4 colocalized with glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY). Murine intestinal organoids show a colocalization pattern that is similar to in vivo HTR2A and HTR4 with 5-HT, GLP-1, and PYY. Intraperitoneal and intragastric administration of tegaserod, an HTR4 agonist, failed to alter plasma GLP-1 levels in fasted mice. However, intragastric but not intraperitoneal administration of tegaserod reduced dietary lipid-induced increases of plasma GLP-1 levels. This action of tegaserod was inhibited by co-administration of RS39604, an HTR4 antagonist. These results suggest that murine ileal GLP-1/PYY-producing enteroendocrine (EE) cells express HTR4, while 5-HT-producing EC cells express HTR2A, HTR2B, and HTR4. In addition, the observations regarding in vivo GLP-1 secretion suggest that HTR4 signaling in ileal EE cells suppresses dietary lipid-induced GLP-1 secretion. We thus propose that EC and EE cells may interact with each other through paracrine signaling mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1521-1532
Number of pages12
JournalPflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
Volume472
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • Enterochromaffin cells
  • Enteroendocrine cells
  • Glucagon-like peptide-1
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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