Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in chronic inflammation, autoimmune diseases, and a variety of cancers, and is expressed in mouse uteri. Our previous study suggested that IL-18 acts as a paracrine factor, regulating endometrial function. To elucidate the physiological roles of IL-18 in the mouse endometrium, the expression of the IL-18 receptor (IL-18R) α subunit was analyzed. IL-18Rα mRNA was expressed in several mouse organs in addition to the endometrium. In situ hybridization analysis using a biotin-labeled mouse IL-18Rα riboprobe demonstrated that IL-18Rα mRNA expression was detected in glandular epithelial cells, stromal cells around uterine glands, and myometrial cells in the mouse uterus, suggesting that these cells are targets for IL-18. The uterine IL-18Rα mRNA expression level changed with the estrous cycle. The uterine IL-18Rα mRNA levels of estrous mice were higher than those of diestrous mice. In addition, the IL-18Rα mRNA levels in uteri at 3 and 14 days after ovariectomy were higher than those at diestrus and decreased following treatment with estradiol-17 β or progesterone. These findings suggest that IL-18Rα gene expression is regulated by estrogen and progesterone and that the uterine IL-18 system is involved in the regulation of uterine functions in a paracrine manner.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Reproduction and Development|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2007|
- Interleukin-18 receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology