Expression of a thyroglobulin (Tg) variant in mouse kidney glomerulus

Huhehasi Wu, Sayuri Suzuki, Donald F. Sellitti, Sonia Q. Doi, Kazunari Tanigawa, Sayaka Aizawa, Takeshi Akama, Akira Kawashima, Masayo Mishima, Norihisa Ishii, Akio Yoshida, Ichiro Hisatome, Nancy L. Koles, Ryohei Katoh, Koichi Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thyroglobulin (Tg) is an essential substrate for thyroid hormone biosynthesis whose production is primarily limited to the thyroid follicular cell. We have previously identified an ∼1.2 kb fragment of Tg mRNA in cultured mouse mesangial cells, and in the present study provide evidence showing that this transcript is transcribed and translated into a unique protein (kTg) in the kidney, but not the thyroid gland. Cloning of kTg from a mouse kidney cDNA library showed that transcription starts in the middle of intron 41 of the Tg gene and continues in-frame with the remaining coding sequence of thyroid-derived Tg beginning with exon 42. Translation of this mRNA is predicted to yield a protein of 367 amino acids (40 kDa) containing a unique 13 amino acid sequence serving as a signal peptide followed by a 354 amino acid segment identical to the carboxy-terminal end of thyroid Tg. Western blot analysis with an antibody directed against the C-terminus of thyroid Tg detected a 40 kDa protein expressed in the kidney. Immunohistochemistry with this antibody showed that immunoreactive Tg was localized in podocytes and the mesangial area of the renal glomerulus. A part of a homologous transcript was also detected in human kidney, and the kTg protein was recognized by sera from Hashimoto's thyroiditis but not from controls. Together these results suggest that a unique low molecular weight variant of Tg is expressed in the kidney, where it could serve both physiological and pathological roles, including that of an autoantigen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-273
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume389
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 13 2009
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Glomerulus
  • Kidney
  • Mesangium
  • Thyroglobulin
  • Thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Wu, H., Suzuki, S., Sellitti, D. F., Doi, S. Q., Tanigawa, K., Aizawa, S., Akama, T., Kawashima, A., Mishima, M., Ishii, N., Yoshida, A., Hisatome, I., Koles, N. L., Katoh, R., & Suzuki, K. (2009). Expression of a thyroglobulin (Tg) variant in mouse kidney glomerulus. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 389(2), 269-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.08.129