Thyroglobulin (Tg) is an essential substrate for thyroid hormone biosynthesis whose production is primarily limited to the thyroid follicular cell. We have previously identified an ∼1.2 kb fragment of Tg mRNA in cultured mouse mesangial cells, and in the present study provide evidence showing that this transcript is transcribed and translated into a unique protein (kTg) in the kidney, but not the thyroid gland. Cloning of kTg from a mouse kidney cDNA library showed that transcription starts in the middle of intron 41 of the Tg gene and continues in-frame with the remaining coding sequence of thyroid-derived Tg beginning with exon 42. Translation of this mRNA is predicted to yield a protein of 367 amino acids (40 kDa) containing a unique 13 amino acid sequence serving as a signal peptide followed by a 354 amino acid segment identical to the carboxy-terminal end of thyroid Tg. Western blot analysis with an antibody directed against the C-terminus of thyroid Tg detected a 40 kDa protein expressed in the kidney. Immunohistochemistry with this antibody showed that immunoreactive Tg was localized in podocytes and the mesangial area of the renal glomerulus. A part of a homologous transcript was also detected in human kidney, and the kTg protein was recognized by sera from Hashimoto's thyroiditis but not from controls. Together these results suggest that a unique low molecular weight variant of Tg is expressed in the kidney, where it could serve both physiological and pathological roles, including that of an autoantigen.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 13 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology