Expression and dynamics of podoplanin in cultured osteoblasts with mechanostress and mineralization stimulus

Tomohiro Takenawa, Takenori Kanai, Tetsuya Kitamura, Yoshitaka Yoshimura, Yoshihiko Sawa, Junichiro Iida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigates the significance of the expression and dynamics of podoplanin in mechanostress and mineralization in cultured murine osteoblasts. Podoplanin increased in osteoblasts subjected to straining in non-mineralization medium, suggesting that the mechanostress alone is a podoplanin induction factor. In osteoblasts subjected to vertical elongation straining in the mineralization medium, the mRNA amounts of podoplanin, osteopontin, and osteocalcin were significantly larger than those in cells not subjected to straining, suggesting that mechanostress is the cause of a synergistic effect in the expression of these proteins. In osteoblasts in the mineralization medium, significant increases in osteocalcin mRNA occurred earlier in cells subjected to straining than in the cells not subjected to straining, suggesting that the mechanostress is a critical factor to enhance the expression of osteocalcin. Western blot and ELISA analysis showed increased podoplanin production in osteoblasts with longer durations of straining. There was significantly less mineralization product in osteoblasts with antibodies for podoplanin, osteopontin, and osteocalcin. There was also less osteopontin and osteocalcin produced in osteoblasts with anti-podoplanin. These findings suggest that mechanostress induces the production of podoplanin in osteoblasts and that podoplanin may play a role in mineralization in cooperation with bone-associated proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-52
Number of pages12
JournalActa Histochemica et Cytochemica
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Anti-podoplanin
  • Mechanostress
  • Mineralization
  • Podoplanin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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