Introduction: Most published guidelines for genomic biomarker testing in NSCLC reflect the disease epidemiology and treatments readily available in Europe and North America. Nevertheless, 60% of annual global NSCLC cases occur in Asia, where patient characteristics, tumor molecular profiles, and treatments vary greatly from the Western world. For example, mutations in the EGFR occur at a higher prevalence in Asia than in other world regions. Although medical associations such as the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, European Society for Medical Oncology, and American Society of Clinical Oncology have described principles for tumor genomic biomarker testing in NSCLC, there is a need for recommendations specific for Asia. Methods: This report provides consensus recommendations for NSCLC biomarker testing from Asian lung cancer experts for clinicians working in Asia to improve patient care. Biomarker testing approaches for actionable genetic alterations in EGFR, ALK, ROS1, and others are discussed. Results: These recommendations are divided into nonmetastatic and metastatic forms of adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Owing to the higher prevalence of EGFR mutations in Asia, the experts emphasized the need for EGFR testing to include not just common mutations (exon 19 deletions and L858R substitutions) but also other uncommon EGFR mutations. In addition to the assessment of biomarkers in the tumor tissue, the role of assessing tumor biomarkers by liquid biopsy is discussed. Conclusion: This consensus provides practical recommendations for biomarker testing in nonmetastatic and metastatic Asian NSCLC patients.
- Liquid biopsy
- Non–small cell lung cancer
- Squamous carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine