Experimental study of the atmospheric neutrino backgrounds for p→e+π0 searches in water Cherenkov detectors

S. Mine, J. L. Alcaraz, S. Andringa, S. Aoki, J. Argyriades, K. Asakura, R. Ashie, F. Berghaus, H. Berns, H. Bhang, A. Blondel, S. Borghi, J. Bouchez, J. Burguet-Castell, D. Casper, J. Catala, C. Cavata, A. Cervera, S. M. Chen, K. O. ChoJ. H. Choi, U. Dore, X. Espinal, M. Fechner, E. Fernandez, Y. Fujii, Y. Fukuda, J. Gomez-Cadenas, R. Gran, T. Hara, M. Hasegawa, T. Hasegawa, Y. Hayato, R. L. Helmer, K. Hiraide, J. Hosaka, A. K. Ichikawa, M. Iinuma, A. Ikeda, T. Ishida, K. Ishihara, T. Ishii, M. Ishitsuka, Y. Itow, T. Iwashita, H. I. Jang, E. J. Jeon, I. S. Jeong, K. K. Joo, G. Jover, C. K. Jung, T. Kajita, J. Kameda, K. Kaneyuki, I. Kato, E. Kearns, C. O. Kim, M. Khabibullin, A. Khotjantsev, D. Kielczewska, J. Y. Kim, S. B. Kim, P. Kitching, K. Kobayashi, T. Kobayashi, A. Konaka, Yusuke Koshio, W. Kropp, Yu Kudenko, Y. Kuno, Y. Kurimoto, T. Kutter, J. Learned, S. Likhoded, I. T. Lim, P. F. Loverre, L. Ludovici, H. Maesaka, J. Mallet, C. Mariani, S. Matsuno, V. Matveev, K. McConnel, C. McGrew, S. Mikheyev, A. Minamino, O. Mineev, C. Mitsuda, M. Miura, Y. Moriguchi, S. Moriyama, T. Nakadaira, M. Nakahata, K. Nakamura, I. Nakano, T. Nakaya, S. Nakayama, T. Namba, R. Nambu, S. Nawang, K. Nishikawa, K. Nitta, F. Nova, P. Novella, Y. Obayashi, A. Okada, K. Okumura, S. M. Oser, Y. Oyama, M. Y. Pac, F. Pierre, A. Rodriguez, C. Saji, Makoto Sakuda, F. Sanchez, K. Scholberg, R. Schroeter, M. Sekiguchi, M. Shiozawa, K. Shiraishi, G. Sitjes, M. Smy, H. Sobel, M. Sorel, J. Stone, L. Sulak, A. Suzuki, Y. Suzuki, M. Tada, T. Takahashi, Y. Takenaga, Y. Takeuchi, K. Taki, Y. Takubo, N. Tamura, M. Tanaka, R. Terri, S. T'Jampens, A. Tornero-Lopez, Y. Totsuka, M. Vagins, L. Whitehead, C. W. Walter, W. Wang, R. J. Wilkes, S. Yamada, Y. Yamada, S. Yamamoto, C. Yanagisawa, N. Yershov, H. Yokoyama, M. Yokoyama, J. Yoo, M. Yoshida, J. Zalipska

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Abstract

The atmospheric neutrino background for proton decay via p→e+π0 in ring imaging water Cherenkov detectors is studied with an artificial accelerator neutrino beam for the first time. In total, 3.14×105 neutrino events corresponding to about 10 megaton-years of atmospheric neutrino interactions were collected by a 1000 ton water Cherenkov detector (KT). The KT charged-current single π0 production data are well reproduced by simulation programs of neutrino and secondary hadronic interactions used in the Super-Kamiokande (SK) proton decay search. The obtained p→e+π0 background rate by the KT data for SK from the atmospheric neutrinos whose energies are below 3 GeV is 1.63-0.33+0.42(stat)-0.51+0.45(syst)(megaton-year)- 1. This result is also relevant to possible future, megaton-scale water Cherenkov detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032003
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume77
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Mine, S., Alcaraz, J. L., Andringa, S., Aoki, S., Argyriades, J., Asakura, K., Ashie, R., Berghaus, F., Berns, H., Bhang, H., Blondel, A., Borghi, S., Bouchez, J., Burguet-Castell, J., Casper, D., Catala, J., Cavata, C., Cervera, A., Chen, S. M., ... Zalipska, J. (2008). Experimental study of the atmospheric neutrino backgrounds for p→e+π0 searches in water Cherenkov detectors. Physical Review D, 77(3), [032003]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.77.032003