Exosome-Based Molecular Transfer Activity of Macrophage-Like Cells Involves Viability of Oral Carcinoma Cells: Size Exclusion Chromatography and Concentration Filter Method

Yanyin Lu, Takanori Eguchi, Chiharu Sogawa, Eman A. Taha, Manh Tien Tran, Toshiki Nara, Penggong Wei, Shiro Fukuoka, Takuya Miyawaki, Kuniaki Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EV) heterogeneity is a crucial issue in biology and medicine. In addition, tumor-associated macrophages are key components in cancer microenvironment and immunology. We developed a combination method of size exclusion chromatography and concentration filters (SEC-CF) and aimed to characterize different EV types by their size, cargo types, and functions. A human monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1 was differentiated to CD14-positive macrophage-like cells by stimulation with PMA (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) but not M1 or M2 types. Using the SEC-CF method, the following five EV types were fractionated from the culture supernatant of macrophage-like cells: (i) rare large EVs (500-3000 nm) reminiscent of apoptosomes, (ii) EVs (100-500 nm) reminiscent of microvesicles (or microparticles), (iii) EVs (80-300 nm) containing CD9-positive large exosomes (EXO-L), (iv) EVs (20-200 nm) containing unidentified vesicles/particles, and (v) EVs (10-70 nm) containing CD63/HSP90-positive small exosomes (EXO-S) and particles. For a molecular transfer assay, we developed a THP-1-based stable cell line producinga GFP-fused palmitoylation signal (palmGFP) associated with the membrane. The THP1/palmGFP cells were differentiated into macrophages producing palmGFP-contained EVs. The macrophage/palmGFP-secreted EXO-S and EXO-L efficiently transferred the palmGFP to receiver human oral carcinoma cells (HSC-3/palmTomato), as compared to other EV types. In addition, the macrophage-secreted EXO-S and EXO-L significantly reduced the cell viability (ATP content) in oral carcinoma cells. Taken together, the SEC-CF method is useful for the purification of large and small exosomes with higher molecular transfer activities, enabling efficient molecular delivery to target cells.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCells
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 27 2021

Keywords

  • exosomes
  • extracellular vesicles
  • heat shock proteins
  • macrophage
  • molecular transfer
  • oral carcinoma
  • size exclusion chromatography and concentration filter (SEC-CF) method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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