A case of lysosomal storage disease has been reported in a calf of Japanese Black cattle. Lysosomal storage diseases are hereditary diseases caused by deficiency of lysosomal hydrolases. The clinical and pathological features and accumulated substrates of the affected animal indicated a possibility of sialidosis or galactosialidosis caused by deficiency of neuraminidase (NEU1) or protective protein for β-galactosidase (PPGB). In the present study, we investigated nucleotide sequences of the genes encoding these two proteins to evaluate whether mutation of these genes is involved in this disease. We determined cattle genomic sequences of these two genes by using bovine EST sequences and the nucleotide sequences of all exons of these genes were compared between affected and normal animals. The results showed several nucleotide substitutions, but none of them was a functional mutation or specific to the affected animal. Furthermore, genotyping of the microsatellite markers in the vicinity of these two genes revealed no homozygosity of the chromosomal regions including these genes in the affected animal. These findings indicated that neither NEU1 nor PPGB gene is responsible for the lysosomal storage disease of Japanese Black cattle and therefore the disease is neither sialidosis nor galactosialidosis.
- Lysosomal storage disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)