Exact long-range Coulombic energy calculation for net charged systems neutralized by uniformly distributed background charge using fast multipole method and its application to efficient free energy calculation

Ryo Urano, Wataru Shinoda, Noriyuki Yoshii, Susumu Okazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In molecular dynamics (MD) calculations of the free energies of ions and ionic molecules, we often encounter net charged molecular systems where the electrical neutrality condition is broken. This charge causes a problem in the evaluation of long-range Coulombic interactions under periodic boundary conditions. A standard remedy for this problem is to consider a hypothetical homogeneous background charge density to neutralize the total system. Here, we present a new expression for the evaluation of Coulombic interactions for such systems including background charge using the fast multipole method (FMM). Furthermore, an efficient scheme is developed to evaluate solute-solvent interaction energies using the FMM, reducing the computational burden for the far-field part. We calculate the hydration free energies of Mg2+, Na+, and Cl- ions dissolved in a neutral solvent using the new expression. The calculated free energies show good agreement with the results obtained using the well-established particle mesh Ewald method. This demonstrates the validity of the proposed expression. This work should make a contribution to highly parallelized MD calculations for large-scale charged systems (particularly, those with over million particles).

Original languageEnglish
Article number244115
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume152
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 28 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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